The Federal Case Against Trump and the U.S. 2024 Presidential Election By Katja-Elisabeth Herrmann

As U.S. voters prepare for the 2024 Presidential election, a handful of jurors gather for the federal indictment of former president of the United States, Mr Donald Trump. The indictment marks the first time in history that the US Government has brought federal charges against a U.S. president.

The Federal Case Against Trump and the U.S. 2024 Presidential Election  By Katja-Elisabeth Herrmann

The indictment comprises 37 federal charges, 31 of which are on ‘Willful retention of National Defense Information.’ The documents retrieved from Trump’s Palm Beach estate Mar-a-Lago pose a national security risk containing classified information made public to individuals without security clearance. By mishandling classified information regarding the defense and weapons capabilities of the US and foreign countries, trust in the government has diminished both domestically and abroad. Trump is scheduled to be arraigned on his 37-count indictment on Tuesday and will appear before a judge in Miami.[1] However, the Miami court indictment is but one more added to the list of charges spread across jurisdictions separate from the federal investigation of his role in the January 6th insurrection, New York state charges related to payments made to a porn star, a Georgia case involving his effort to overturn the 2020 election there and his civil liability in the sexual assault of writer E. Jean Carroll.[2]

“As president, I could have declassified it [a highly classified Department of Defense Document],” argues former president Trump on an audio recording meeting presented as evidence in the indictment.  The evidence gathered against the former president is substantial enough to warrant a trial. However, special counsel Jack Smith, and by extension, President Joe Biden's Justice Department, has the legal burden of proving that Trump broke the law beyond a reasonable doubt. Any legal system should work notwithstanding the status of the political environment, but Trump has repeatedly convinced his followers that his indictment is clearly orchestrated for unfair political purposes.

Nevertheless, the indictments have a far more significant impact on U.S. politics during election season. In the Republican primaries, the race continues between Chris Christie and Mike Pence, both Republican runners who set forth their campaigns on grounds against Trump. In sharp contrast, the Governor of Florida, Ron DeSantis, favors an even more extreme ring-wing agenda from immigration and law enforcement to cultural issues. U.S. media has presented the ‘mini-Trump’ in such as way that his campaign and extreme agenda can even depict Trump as too liberal in contrast. This way, Trump has become a bastion or pivot to hold on and project the ‘unwanted’ agenda by the media and politicians who have seized the tumultuous political environment and mobilized their electoral campaign to present an ‘otherness alternative’ to voters. Thus, Republican primary voters must decide whether they want to see Trump up and running for 2024 or choose between the spectrum of front runners whose agendas will determine the country's political stability for the years to come.


Katja-Elisabeth Herrmann works as a research fellow at the Warsaw Institute. She has a background in Transatlantic Affairs from the College of Europe (Warsaw, Poland) and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. Additionally, Katja-Elisabeth holds a BA in International Relations and International Organizations which she combined with a degree in International and European Law from the University of Groningen. During her undergraduate studies, her main focus explored the nexus between technology and law in the European Union. She has recently been awarded the Squire Patton Boggs Foundation public policy fellowship in 2022. As part of her work under the fellowship program, her research is devoted to relevant topics of transatlantic affairs interest from a legal and political perspective.

This article was written as part of the statutory activities of the Polish think tank Warsaw Institute. If you appreciate the content prepared by our partner, we appeal to you for financial support for this non-profit organisation.

More information:

[1] Ivan Pereira, Lucien Bruggeman, and Aaron Katersky. “Trump federal indictment: What happens next?” ABC News (June 10, 2023).

[2] Jonathan Allen, “Donald Trump's trial is a test of the nation” NBC News (June 9, 2023) Accessed June 10, 2023. 


Paulina Markowska

Uwielbia latać na paralotni, czuć wiatr we włosach i patrzeć na świat z dystansu. Fascynuje ją historia Wielkiej Brytanii sięgająca czasów Stonehenge i Ring of Brodgar. W każdej wolnej chwili eksploruje zakątki tego kraju, który nieustannie ją fascynuje. A fascynacją tą ‘zaraża’ też kolegów i koleżanki w redakcji:) Pochodzi z Wrocławia i często tam wraca, jednak prawdziwy dom znalazła na Wyspach i nie wyobraża sobie wyjazdu z tego kraju, dlatego szczególnie bliskie są jej historie imigrantów, Polaków, którzy także w tym kraju znaleźli swój azyl.

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